SO Suzanne Ho-Wai
Photo of SO Suzanne Ho-Wai
Qualifications:Ph.D., King's College London
Appointment:Associate Professor
Office:Rm 321, Sino Building
Email:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Tel:3943 6211
Fax:2603 5019

Teaching Areas

  • PSYC3760 Engagement and Assessment of Individuals with Common Mental Health Problems
  • PSYC6730 Intervention Seminar I: Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies
  • PSYC6921 Clinical Seminar II

Research Interests

Psychological models of psychosis; Cognitive and affective pathways to psychosis; Reasoning in psychosis and other psychiatric disorders; Psychological treatment for severe mental illnesses; Cognitive behavioural therapy; Therapist training; Experience sampling methodology/ ecological momentary assessment.

I am interested in examining the psychological processes that contribute to the development and maintenance of psychosis, a severe mental illness. My students and I focus on the role of cognitive biases, such as attributional style and data-gathering bias, on delusionality and treatment outcome. We also investigate the extent to which cognitive and affective processes may be shared between psychosis and other psychiatric disorders. Our projects cover the continuum of psychosis, from individuals at risk of developing the illness, to patients across the acute and recovery stages. Apart from theoretical projects, we are currently running two treatment trials for psychosis and bipolar disorder respectively. I have also developed an interest in assessing subjective psychological experiences using experience sampling methodology on a mobile phone app.

Representative Publications

So, S.H., Chau, A.K.C., Peters, E., Swendsen, J., Garety, P., Kapur, S. (in press). Moment-to-moment associations between emotional disturbances, aberrant salience, and persecutory delusions. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.

So, S.H., Bennett-Levy, J., Perry, H., Wood, D.H., & Wong, C.W. (in press). The Self-Reflective Writing Scale (SRWS): A new measure to assess self-reflection following self-experiential cognitive behaviour therapy training. Reflective Practice.

Chau, S.W.H., Tse, C.Y., So. S.H., Chan, S.S.M. (in press). A randomised controlled study on the efficacy of attentional bias modification training (ABMT) in patients with generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). East Asian Archives of Psychiatry.

Sun, X., So, S. H., Chiu, C. D., Chan, R. C. K., & Leung, P. W. L. (2018). Paranoia and anxiety: A cluster analysis in a non-clinical sample and the relationship with worry processes. Schizophrenia Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2018.01.024

Sun, X., So, S.H., Chan, R.C.K., Chiu, C.D., & Leung, P.W.L. (2018). Impact of dysfunctional metacognitions and worry on development of paranoia: A 1-year longitudinal study in a non-clinical sample. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 44(Suppl. 1), S161-162. DOI: 10.1093/schbul/sby016.394

Zhu, C., Sun, X., & So, S.H. (2018). Associations between belief inflexibility and dimensions of delusions: A meta-analytic review of two approaches to assessing belief flexibility. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57, 59-81. DOI: 10.1111/bjc.12154.

Mak, A.D.P., Lau, D.T.Y., Chan, A.K.W., So, S.H., Leung, O., Wong, S.L.Y., Lam, L., Leung, C.M., & Lee, S. (2018). Cognitive impairment in treatment-naïve bipolar II and unipolar depression. Scientific Reports, 8, 1905. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-20295-3

Chan, E., Lam, H., So, S.H., Goggins III, W., Ho, J., Liu, S., & Chung, P. (2018). Association between ambient temperatures and mental disorder hospitalizations in a subtropical city. A time-series study of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, pii: E754. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15040754

Wang, Y., Li, Z., Liu, W.H., Wei, X.H., Jiang, X.Q., Lui, S.S.Y., So, S.H., Cheung, E.F.C., Debbane, M., & Chan, R.C.K. (2018). Negative schizotypy and altered functional connectivity during facial emotion processing. Schizophrenia Bulletin. DOI: 10.1093/schbul.sby036 [Epub ahead of print]

Wang, Y., Shi, H-S., Liu, W-H., Xie, D-J., Geng, F-L., Yan, C., Wang, Y., Xiao, Y-H., So, S.H., Chiu, C-D., Leung, P.W.L., Cheung, E.F.C., Gooding, D., & Chan, R.C.K. (2018). Trajectories of schizotypy and their emotional and social functioning: An 18-month follow-up study. Schizophrenia Research, 193, 384-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.07.038

Wang, Y-Y., Shi, H-S., Liu, W-H., Yan, C., Wang, Y., Chiu, C-D., So, S.H., Lui, S.S.Y., Cheung, E.F.C., & Chan, R.C.K. (2017). Invariance of factor structure of the 21-item Peters et al. Delusions Inventory (PDI-21) over time and across samples. Psychiatry Research, 254, 190-197DOI: 10/1016/j.psychres.2017.04.053

Sun, X., Zhu, C., & So. S.H. (2017). Dysfunctional metacognition across psychopathologies: A meta-analytic review. European Psychiatry, 45, 139-153. DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.05.029

Klippel, A., Myin-Germeys, I., Chavez-Baldini, U., Preacher, K.J., Kempton, M., Valmaggia, L., Calem, M., So, S.H., Beards, S., Hubbard, K., Gayer-Anderson, C., Onyejiaka, A., Wichers, M., McGuire, P., Murray, R., Garety, P., van Os, J., Wykes, T., Morgan, C., & Reininghaus, U. (2017). Modelling the interplay between psychological processes and adverse, stressful contexts and experiences in pathways to psychosis: an experience sampling study. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 43, 302-315. DOI: 10.1093/schbul/sbw195

Reininghaus, U., Kempton, M.J., Valmaggia, L., Craig, T.K.J., Garety, P., Onyejiaka, A., Gayer-Anderson, C., So, S.H., Hubbard, K., Beards, S., Dazzan, P., Pariante, C., Mondelli, V., Fisher, H.L., Mills, J.G., Viechtbauer, W., McGuire, P., van Os, J., Murray, R.M., Wykes, T., Myin-Germeys, I., & Morgan, C. (2016). Stress sensitivity, aberrant salience, and threat anticipation in early psychosis: An experience sampling study. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 42, 712-722.DOI: 10.1093/schbul/sbv190

So, S.H., Siu, N.Y., Wong, H., Chan, W., & Garety, P.A. (2016). ‘Jumping to conclusions’ data-gathering bias in psychosis and other psychiatric disorders – two meta-analyses of comparisons between patients and healthy individuals. Clinical Psychology Review, 46, 151-167.DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2016.05.001

So, S.H., Begemann, M.J.H., Gong, X., & Sommer, I.E. (2016). Relationship between neuroticism, childhood trauma and cognitive-affective responses to auditory verbal hallucinations. Scientific Reports, 6, 34401. DOI: 10.1038/srep34401

So, S.H., Tang, V., Leung, P.W-L. (2015). Dimensions of delusions and attribution biases along the continuum of psychosis. PLoS ONE, 10(12), e0144558.

So, S.H., Peters, E.R., Kapur, S., Garety, P.A. (2015). Changes in delusional dimensions and emotions over eight weeks of antipsychotic treatment in acute patients. Psychiatry Research, 30, 393-398. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.06.027

So, S.H., Peters, E.R., Swendsen, J., Zhu, C., Garety, P.A., & Kapur, S. (2015). Assessing belief flexibility with experience sampling methodology in patients with acute psychosis. European Psychiatry, 30, 268. DOI: 10.1016/S0924-9338(15)31861-7

So, S.H., Chan, A. P., Chong, C.S., Wong, M.H., Lo, W.T., Chung, D.W., Chan, S.S. (2015). Metacognitive training for delusions (MCTd): effectiveness on data-gathering and belief flexibility in a Chinese sample. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 730. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00730

Chu, H., Sun, X., So, S. H. (2015). The beads, the fish and the box: Interrelationships between “jumping to conclusions” tasks and their links with cognitive abilities. European Psychiatry, 30, 1706. DOI:10.1016/S0924-9338(15)31309-2

Wan, C., Zhu, C., Sun, X., So, S.H. (2015). Reasoning biases and the development of non-clinical persecutory ideations: A systematic review. European Psychiatry, 30, 237. DOI:10.1016/S0924-9338(15)30192-9

So, S.H., Kwok, N.T. (2015). Jumping to conclusions style along the continuum of delusions: Delusion-prone individuals are not hastier in decision making than healthy controls. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0121347. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0121347

So, S.H., Peters, E., Swendsen, J., Garety, P.A., Kapur, S. (2014). Changes in delusions in the early phase of antipsychotic treatment – an experience sampling study. Psychiatry Research, 215,568-73. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.12.033

So, S.H., Peters, E., Swendsen, J., Garety, P.A., Kapur, S. (2013). Detecting improvements in acute psychotic symptoms using experience sampling methodology. Psychiatry Research, 210, 82-88. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.05.010

So, S.H. (2013). Implementing psychological intervention programmes in early psychosis (PIPE). In Chen, E. Y., Lee, H., Chan, G. H., & Wong, G. H. (Eds.), Culturally-Adaptive Early Psychosis Intervention: A Clinical Guide with Insights from Oriental Settings. Hong Kong: The Hong Kong University Press.

So, S.H., Freeman, D., Dunn, G., Kapur, S., Kuipers, E, Bebbington, P., Fowler, D., & Garety, P.A. (2012). Jumping to conclusions, a lack of belief flexibility and delusional conviction in psychosis: A longitudinal investigation of the structure, frequency and relatedness of reasoning biases. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 129-139. DOI:10.1037/a0025297

So, S.H., Garety, P., Peters, E., & Kapur, S. (2010). Do antipsychotics improve reasoning biases? A review. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72, 681-693. DOI:10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181e7cca6

So, S.H.W., Freeman, D., & Garety, P. (2008). A test of the impact of state anxiety on the jumping to conclusions delusion bias. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 879-886DOI:10.1080/00048670802345466

So, S.H.W., & Wong, C.W. (2008). Experience and coping with auditory hallucinations in first episode psychosis: Relationship with stress coping. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, 18, 69-75.

So, H.W., Chen, E.Y.H, Chan, R.C.K., Wong, C.W., Hung, S.F., Chung, D.W.S., Ng, S.M., & Chan, C.L.W. (2006). Efficacy of a brief intervention group for carers of people with first episode psychosis: A randomized controlled study. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, 16, 92-100.

So, H.W. (2005). Substance abuse and psychiatric comorbidity: Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory – III profiles of Chinese substance abusers. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, 15, 89-96.  Awarded “BEST PAPER OF 2005” by the Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry.

Other Information

  • An interview on the RTHK1 health programme “精靈一點”. The topic is on "Cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis", Feb 7, 2014.
  • An interview on the Phoenix TV programme “醫APPS最強”. The topic is on "IQ", Mar 29, 2014


2016 CUHK Young Researcher Award
2016 CUHK University Education Award (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pd4DC6SawmI)
2016 CUHK Faculty of Social Science Exemplary Teaching Award
2017 UGC Teaching Award (Early Career Category)